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4 The two also reunite with co-star Simon Yam after 2005 s SPL Sha Po Lang. The screenplay for Ip Man was written by Edmond Wong, 4 the son of film producer Raymond Wong. 4 Wong was the screenwriter of Yip and Yen s second collaboration, 2006 s Dragon Tiger Gate. Ip Man s eldest son, Ip Chun, his student Leo Au-yeung, 7 and Changquan gold medalist To Yu-hang served as technical consultants for the film, providing advice on the film s story and martial arts choreography.
The music for the film was provided by veteran Japanese composer Kenji Kawai, who also served as a composer on the 2006 film, Dragon Tiger Gate which featured Wilson Yip and Donnie Yen as director and actor respectively. Pre-production Edit. The film was originally conceived in 1998 when Jeffrey Lau and Corey Yuen first thought of the idea of making a film based on Ip Man s life.
Donnie Yen signed onto the project, hoping to star as Ip, with Stephen Chow co-starring as Bruce Lee. Yen had signed the contract and received part of the acting fee. However, the studio producing the film closed, and the project was abandoned. In December 2007, plans to make a new Ip Man film were announced with the filmmakers researching Ip s life in Foshan. Producer Raymond Wong stated that the film would take on a similar look and feel to SPL Sha Po Lang.
9 On 26 February 2008, a press conference for the film was held in Foshan, where it was announced that Wilson Yip would be directing the film, while Yen would appear in the leading role as Ip. Lynn Hung, Lam Ka-tung, Simon Yam were announced to be appearing in supporting roles, while Sammo Hung would serve as the film s martial arts choreographer. 10 Casting director Zhang Yan Bin spent three months casting actors in various roles for the film.
He had completed casting during principal photography in March 2008. Principal photography for Ip Man began in March 2008, and was completed by the end of August. A majority of the film focuses on events surrounding Ip Man that took place in Foshan in the 1930s and 1940s during the Sino-Japanese War. Since the buildings in modern-day Foshan are architecturally different from the ones of the film s period, the filmmakers decided to shoot the film in Shanghai.
Filming first took place in a storeroom in the industrial district of Shanghai. Having difficulties scouting a cotton factory suitable for shooting, set designers decided to recreate one in the style of the 1930s. They spent weeks transforming an abandoned storeroom into the Zhen Hua Cotton Mill Factory, a 1930s cotton mill factory founded by Ip s friend Chow Ching-chuen played in the film by Simon Yam during the Sino-Japanese War. It was where Ip Man first taught Wing Chun openly to the public.
Production designer Kenneth Mak included Western elements in his design, since Foshan, in earlier years, was a unique place where Chinese and Western cultures converged. Pillars were made to resemble English lampposts, and Western lighting, chairs and tableware were also used. To convey the culture and feel of the time, the buildings were made to look obsolete and worn out.
Apart from historical references, Mak also created a glass house which was used in a scene in the film. Stunts and choreography Edit. Director Wilson Yip on Donnie Yen being cast as Ip Man. The martial arts choreography was designed by Sammo Hung and veteran fight and stunt coordinator Tony Leung Siu-hung. Hung had previously collaborated with Wilson Yip and Donnie Yen as an actor in the 2005 film SPL Sha Po Lang. 14 He was hired as the choreographer mainly because of his experience on the 1978 film Warriors Two and 1982 s The Prodigal Sonboth of which involved Wing Chun.
5 When asked how he would work with Yen to direct the action scenes, Hung replied matter-of-factly, With my mouth. Yen described the role as the most emotionally and mentally difficult in his career. 5 He spent months preparing for the role by going on a strict diet which consisted of eating one meal a day, training in Wing Chun, and learning more about Ip Man through his two sons. This was all in the hopes of portraying an erudite and cultured Ip Man, as well as bringing out the special traits of Wing Chun.
15 Yen even went as far as to stay in character after filming, wearing his costume and changing his voice and movement patterns. 5 While rehearsing a fight scene, Yen was reportedly injured when an axe wielder accidentally slashed the side of his left eye. 16 Yen also had a masseur on set as he could not raise his right shoulder due to an injury. Japanese actor Hiroyuki Ikeuchi, who holds a black belt in Judo, found it difficult working under Hung s command.
In one scene, he suffered a mild concussion after receiving four consecutive blows from celebrated fight co-ordinator Edward Sweco Chan. 17 Hung later praised Yen and Ikeuchi s performances in the film, even though Ikeuchi was not trained in Chinese martial arts and was not given a lot of complex moves. Ip Man s original title was controversial. It was disputed when film director Wong Kar-wai announced plans to make his own Ip Man film with Tony Leung Chiu-wai while filming 2046.
Wong had planned his own Ip Man biopic titled The Great Masterwith Leung playing the role of Ip. Wong s film, however, had been in development hell, having been announced several years earlier. Producer Raymond Wong wanted to name his film Grandmaster Yip Manwhich bore a resemblance to the title Wong Kar-wai wanted to use for his film. To settle the dispute, Raymond Wong publicly retracted the film title, stating Actually, all along, we have called our film Ip Manbut our mainland investors said that Yip Man was a great master of his times, so we changed our title to Grandmaster Yip Man out of respect for him.
19 In a more recent interview, Raymond Wong revealed that The Great Master is currently in development. 20 Wong Kar-wai s Ip Man film, titled The Grandmasterwas released on 8 January 2013 in China. Ip Man premiered in Beijing, China on 10 December 2008, only two days prior to its release in China. 21 22 The film was later released in Malaysia, Singapore and New Zealand on 18 December 2008, one day prior to its release date in Hong Kong.
23 The film was released in the United Kingdom on 2 October 2009. 24 In 2010, Mandarin Films sold North American distribution rights for the film to distributor Well Go USA. Reception Edit. Prior to its theatrical release in China, Ip Man held a test screening in Beijing on 4 December 2008. The film was highly praised, based on survey sheets returned by the audience. Donnie Yen s portrayal of Ip Man was repeatedly hailed as the year s best performance.
High praise was also given to the film s co-stars, Fan Siu-wong, Lam Ka-tung, and Lynn Hung. 26 Ip Man also received positive reactions from film critics. Salon s Andrew O Hehir deemed Ip Man a well-paced and satisfying piece of Chinese-nationalist pulp, referring to the film s heavy anti-Japanese sentiment. Derek Elley of Variety Magazine wrote in his review, Yen, who s taking on real star charisma in middle age, is aces as Ip, with a simple dignity that exactly mirrors the movie s own and a gracefulness in combat that s very different from his trademark whiplash style.
28 Malaysian film critic Lim Chang Moh of The Malay Mail awarded the film three stars out of four, writing that the film was nicely balanced with great martial arts action and an engaging narrative. 29 Lim later placed the film at number six in his list of Top Ten Movies of 2008. 30 Jen Ogilvie of Fortean Times wrote, what carries Ip Man is its dramatic charge it is the story s entanglement in the real horrors of Japanese occupation that pulls the viewer in and builds tension into the fight scenes.
The review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes iq option 60 seconds strategy that 85 of critics have given the film a positive review based on 27 reviews, with an average rating of 6. The site s critics consensus reads, At once beholden to the established conventions of the genre and delightfully subversive of them, Ip Man is one of the most exciting and refreshingly character-driven martial arts films in years. 32 At Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 59 out of 100 based on 9 critics, indicating mixed or average reviews.
Fact and fiction Edit. The film was never meant to be a true biographical film to Ip Man s life, but to broadly touch on the elements from his life. Most of the central turns of the plot are there only for the purpose of making a movie more exciting, including the scenes depicting duels between Ip Man and the Japanese, including Consul General Miura Yoshiakias well as Ip Man encountering hardship during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Ip Man s eldest son, Ip Chun, would have preferred the film to be shot on location in Foshan and noted the mansion was grander than the original one. Ip Man grossed 14,948,157 US 2,188,982 on its opening weekend in China. 36 The film s revenues increased largely by 86. 1grossing 27,812,224 US 4,073,201 to retain second place at the box office. 37 The film experienced a small decrease in revenue in its third weekend, dropping 10. 5 to 24,889,189 3,645,112though remaining in second place.
38 Ip Man continued to decrease in revenue, grossing 19,956,454 US 2,922,695 in its fourth week while staying in second place. 39 After six weeks of theatrical release, Ip Man grossed a total of 93,740,529 US 13,728,640. 40 The film currently remains as China s 13th highest-grossing film of 2008. During its opening weekend in Hong Kong, Ip Man came in first place at the box office, grossing HK 4. 5 million US 579,715. 42 In its second week, Ip Man moved to second place, while grossing HK 6,156,765 US 789,303 with a 36.
2 increase in revenue. 43 The film continued to decrease in revenue in its third week, grossing HK 3,494,366 447,981while staying in second place at the box office. 44 Ip Man moved to third place in its fourth week, grossing HK 2,075,250 266,055. 45 After seven weeks of theatrical release in Hong Kong, Ip Man had grossed HK 25,581,958. 69 US 3,300,847 domestically. 46 The film ranks as the 8th highest-grossing film of 2008. 47 In total, the film had grossed 21,888,598 worldwide, despite not being released in North America and most of Europe.
Ip Man was released on DVD and Blu-ray formats on 13 February 2009. Releases include single-disc 49 and two-disc special-edition formats. 50 Features for the special edition include deleted scenes, a making-of featurette, a theatrical trailer, interviews with director Wilson Yip and actor Donnie Yen and featurettes on both Ip Man and Wing Chun martial arts.
Ip Man was released on DVD and Blu-ray in the United States on 27 July 2010. 51 A 3-disc Deluxe Collector s Edition was released in China, but only contains Mandarin-dubbed soundtracks and no English subtitles. List of Accolades Award Film Festival Category Recipient s Result Beijing College Student Film Festival Best Actor Donnie Yen Won Favorite Director Wilson Yip Won 2009 Fantasia Festival 53 Technical Achievement Won Best Asian Film Wilson Yip 2nd Place Most Energetic Film Wilson Yip 2nd Place 46th Golden Horse Film Awards 54 Best Action Choreography Sammo Hung, Tony Leung Siu-hung Won 28th Hong Kong Film Awards 55 Best Film Won Best Director Wilson Yip Nominated Best Actor Donnie Yen Nominated Best Supporting Actor Lam Ka-tung Nominated Best Supporting Actor Fan Siu-wong Nominated Best Cinematography O Sing-pui Nominated Best Film Editing Cheung Ka-fai Nominated Best Art Direction Kenneth Mak Nominated Best Action Choreography Sammo Hung, Tony Leung Siu-hung Won Best Sound Design Kinson Tsang Nominated Best Visual Effects Henri Wong Nominated Best Original Score Kenji Kawai Nominated Huabiao Film Awards Outstanding Abroad Actor Donnie Yen Won Outstanding Co-production Film Won Shanghai Film Critics Awards Film of Merit Won Sitges - Catalan International Film Festival Orient Express Award Wilson Yip Won 2nd Iron Elephant Awards 56 Best Picture Won Best Action Choreography Sammo Hung, Tony Leung Siu-hung Won Best Actor Donnie Yen Won.
Ip Man is the first film in a trilogy. Donnie Yen reprised the lead role in the sequel Ip Man 2the second feature film based on the life of Ip Man. The film focuses on Ip s movements in Hong Kong as he attempts to propagate his discipline of Wing Chun martial arts; at the end it also briefly introduces a young Bruce Lee prior to becoming one of Ip s most famed disciples.
Ip Man 2 was released theatrically in Hong Kong in late April 2010. Lynn Hung and Fan Siu-wong reprise iq option 60 seconds strategy supporting roles, while martial arts choreographer Sammo Hung appears as a master of Hung Ga martial arts. Yen expressed his lack of interest in making a third film, feeling that, Ip Man 2 will incontrovertibly become a classic, bettering the first.
57 Yen later stated that after Ip Man 2he would no longer be involved in a film based on Ip s life. 58 While both Donnie Yen and Raymond Wong were not keen on making a third Ip Man film, director Wilson Yip expressed interest in making one that would focus on the relationship between Ip and Bruce Lee. While Ip Man 2 very briefly shows Lee as a child, Yip hoped to find a suitable actor to portray Lee as an adult for the third installment. In January 2014, Variety reported that Ip Man 3 would begin shooting in 2015 with Donnie Yen reprising his role as Ip Man and Wilson Yip returning to direct.
The film was initially scheduled for a late 2015 release, 60 61 but eventually it was released in early 2016. Ip Man 4 was released in 2019. Yen again plays the lead role, with Yip as director and Kwok-Kwan Chan as Bruce Lee. WELCOME TO THE RESOURCE CENTER. The information hub for your Automation Anywhere IQ Bot trial. OUR EXPERTS HAVE THE ANSWERS. ALL YOU NEED FOR YOUR TRIAL IS RIGHT HERE. In the first part of the series you will learn about cognitive IQ Bot and create a Learning Instance.
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Microsoft Teams for Tertiary Deep-Dive Training Register today. Search the University s Catalogue. Discover full issues of thousands of top local, national and international newspapers and magazines. Chapter written with the help of the EADV, the Fondation René Touraine and the Therapeutics in Dermatology. Lichen nitidus. Lichen nitidus is a skin condition that can cause an eruption of multiple, shiny, pinhead-sized bumps.
Lichen nitidus can happen in children and adults but it is more common in children and young adults. Lichen nitidus is a benign disease with no associated complications. This condition usually clears up on its own without treatment. Lichen nitidus usually appears as clusters of tiny, flesh-colored bumps on the skin with the following characteristics.
Size bumps can range from the size of a pinpoint to that of a pinhead 1-3mm. Color bumps are usually skin-colored. They may look slightly pink in patients with lighter skin. In patient with darker skin, they may look lighter than the surrounding skin. Location bumps can appear anywhere on the body, but the most common locations are the inside of the forearms, back of the hands, chest, abdomen and genital areas, including the penis.
Number multiple to numerous bumps, they usually appear in clusters or groups. They rarely occur on the palms, soles of the feet, inside of the mouth or fingernails. Lichen nitidus usually does not cause itch, but in few patients the bumps may itch. In most cases, doctors do not know what causes lichen nitidus. The relationship between lichen nitidus and lichen planus LP has been debated, because both diseases can coexist in the same patient and share some similar clinical characteristics.
However, most experienced doctors, as well as research studies, favor the separation of these two diseases based on both clinical characteristics lesions of LP are larger, with a red or purple color and, usually, itchy and biopsy results medical procedure that involves taking a small piece of affected tissue for examination under a microscope. Rarely, cases of lichen nitidus were associated with atopic dermatis, inflammatory bowel disease and juvenile chronic arthritis.
Lichen nitidus does not need treatment in the most cases, since in the majority of patients the bumps are not itchy or bothersome and will most likely go away by itself over time. In two-thirds of cases, lichen nitidus clears up on its own without treatment within a year. There are some treatments that can help if lichen nitidus causes itching or if the patient is bothersome about the appearance of the bumps.
Steroid ointments or creams that go on the bumps these medicines help reduce inflammation and itching. Antihistaminic pills these medicines may relieve itching. Medicines called calcineurin inhibitors, such as pimecrolimus brand name Elidel and tacrolimus brand name Protopic that go on the bumps Light therapy Phototherapy For this treatment, it is used a machine that gives off a special type of light. Because other conditions can cause skin eruptions that may appear similar to lichen nitidus.
Second, lichen nitidus is a harmless condition that does not cause complications and it is not contagious. Third, lichen nitidus will go away by itself within a year in most patients, and, no treatment is necessary. Lastly, there are some treatment options available if lichen nitidus causes itching, or the appearance of the bumps worries the patient. First, it is important to see a doctor to correctly diagnose lichen nitidus. However, the response to these treatments may be not predictable.
This limited content is for the general public. If you are a health professional, click here to register for free and gain access to a dedicated deeper content. If you already have an account, log in. If you are a health professionalregister to discover a content especially tailored for you. Therapeutics in Dermatology, Fondation René Touraine 2001-2016. You are visiting the general public version of the website. Lichen nitidus 1 - ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 2 - OVERVIEW 3 - SYMPTOMS 4 - CAUSES 5 - TREATMENT 6 - TIPS FOR MANAGING.
Therapeutics in Dermatology 2001-2020 Fondation René Touraine 2001-2020. Material on this web site copyright 1995-2014, TelePost, Inc. Pricing and specifications subject to change without notice. Description of LP-PAN system. LP-PAN 2 is a fixed frequency Software Defined Radio. It is tuned to the IF frequency of your radio, and is capable of receiving signals within about - 100kHz of the frequency that your rig is tuned to. LP-PAN 2 is basically a wideband direct conversion receiver which converts the IF output of the radio to two wideband audio signals which differ only in that there is a 90 degree phase difference between the channels at all frequencies.
These signals are interfaced to the SDR application using a high quality sound card. Almost all of the functionality is provided by the software application, with the outputs being the screen display and sound card speakers headphones. For this tutorial, we will assume that the user is using the following popular components. LP-PAN or LP-PAN 2 K3 or FTdx3000 5000 Asus Xonar U7 USB sound card NaP3 v4. Most of the info provided can be applied to other hardware or software, although the cabling and the software entry screens may be somewhat different.
Basic interconnection information can be found on the LP-PAN Hardware Installation page. Connecting LP-PAN to your rig and PC. Installing a sound card. Asus U7 sound card installation info can be found here, Asus U7 Installation. Refer to the LP-PAN Sound Card page for a discussion sound card recommendations and test results. Installation and Operation of NaP3. There are several main apps which we recommend.
It is based on WU2X s version of the FlexRadio Systems PowerSDR TM software, but includes some unique features developed by Pete, and can even display telnet spots in the pan window from popular web clusters or from CW Skimmer. The best SDR application is NaP3, developed by Pete Connors, F5VNB. Here is the link to our NaP3 installation page. What are LP-Bridge and LPB2, and when should I use them. LP-Bridge and LPB2 are special programs which provide several important functions.
They provide a method of sharing rig coms with an SDR app and up to five other programs at the same time, like loggers, PSK apps, CW Skimmer, etc. They also provide buffering of the coms to reduce rig traffic and eliminate packet collisions from multiple simultaneous polling requests. Additionally, they provide frequency data for hardware such as SteppIR controllers and amplifiers, and serve as a control center for all the applications that need to talk to the rig. LP-Bridge is designed for K3, while LPB2 works with K2, K3, Kenwood and recent Yaesu radios starting with FT-2000.
LP-Bridge has slightly more capability, but for most users the two perform similar functions. Here are links to the setup and installation web pages for the two programs. LPB2 Installation, Setup and Operation for sharing of K2, K3, Yaesu, Kenwood with multiple apps CW Skimmer. Another SDR based application that many users run with LP-PAN is CW Skimmer from Alex, VE3NEA.
This program can be run at the same time as NaP3 or separately. of the above SDR apps using LP-Bridge or LPB2 to tie things together. Installation and operation details can be found on Alex s website. For configuration tips for sharing CW Skimmer with another SDR, go to our CW Skimmer configuration page. Basic Troubleshooting Problem Suggested solution Display shows noise but no signals Check audio and RF cabling.
Make sure the correct sound card and driver are selected in NaP3. There are two sets of signals that move in opposite directions as I tune, ie. there is no image rejection. Check sound card settings. Read the section titled Eliminating Images for a more detailed explanation of the causes and cures of images. The audio in the SDR app drops out frequently, or motorboats Read the excellent paper Vista Tuning for LP-PAN.
pdf written by Dave, W8FGU. It is useful for all Windows versions. Increase the latency setting in NaP3 s audio setup. The sidebands are reversed when I listen to NaP3 output. Check that you are getting audio from both I Q channel. Check your audio cabling. If you are using color coded audio cables, the red cable should connect to the Left I input of LP-PAN, and white to the Right Q input.
You can also reverse sidebands by clicking the Swap IQ checkbox on the Input tab in NaP3. There is a hump or hole in the noise floor near the center of the display. Check your cabling for a loose connection. Check the Bal Unbal switch on the back of LP-PAN, or the BAL-UNBAL jumpers on LP-PAN 2. Check for power supply ground differences between radio and LP-PAN. Could be the result of using non recommended sound card.
Could be an anomaly of the rig s IF output poor filter matching in an older Kenwood, for instance. The signal s frequency in the display does not match the rig frequency. Perform the IF Frequency offset adjustments for your rig as shown on the NaP3 Help page. Make sure your settings match the pictures, except for the Global Offset which will vary slightly from rig to rig. Adjust Global Offset to sync the display with your rig in AM mode if necessary. Also, make sure I and Q are not swapped.
I get a big red X in the pan display window. This is generally caused by a bug in NaP3 v4. In Setup, in the Display tab under Band Planmake sure that the IARU region is set to Region 1 even if you re not in region 1. Many of the problems associated with the software have to do with wrong or corrupt entries in the database files for PowerSDR IF or NaP3. To understand how to address problems and correct them, it helps to know what files are created when the programs are installed, and where they are stored.
The main installation folder can be found in this folder. The files in the folder include the program NaP3. exea help file and supporting files. Because of the UAC user account rules in Vista Windows 7, NaP3 does not save the database files for preferences and settings in this folder, but rather in one of the following AppData or Application Data folders.
The folder contains a preferences file, called NaP3. This file contains all the settings from the SETUP section of the program, and other parameters such as WBIR seed values, band stack data, etc. Another file called wisdom is also stored here. This file is created when you first start NaP3 and it calculates the forward and reverse FFTs. The files can be found in the following paths based on your OS, substituting your user name for the name Larry. XP C Documents and Settings Larry Application Data NaP3 NaP3.
xml Vista Win7 C Users Larry AppData Roaming NaP3 NaP3. xml With Vista and Windows 7 you can also enter the following shorthand in Windows Explorer, username AppData Roaming NaP3 to quickly navigate to the file. It is probably smart to create a shortcut to the appropriate folder for your OS, so that you can easily navigate to these folders in the event that your settings become damaged.
This shortcut should be entered exactly as typed here. It also makes sense to save a backup of the two database files to another folder somewhere. If it becomes necessary to start over, here is the procedure I would use to uninstall reinstall NaP3. Uninstall all versions of NaP3 on your computer using Add Remove Programs or Programs and Features in the Control Panels folder. The one to use depends on your OS. I would also delete the NaP3 installation folders in Program Files after uninstalling, and remove the NaP3 folder in the AppData folder.
The exact path will depend on your OS and whether you chose Just Me or Everyone when installing NaP3. If you chose Everyoneand log in with more than one username, you will have to delete the AppData database files for each user, or for All Users. We recommend using the Just Me option. You will need to substitute your username for Larry in the examples. Once you have removed all the NaP3 remnants, NaP3 should install as though it was on a virgin computer. You will need to re-enter all your settings unless you have previously saved a backup of the files.
C Program Files PowerSDR-IF Stage v1. The files in the folder include the program PowerSDR. exe and supporting files. Because of the UAC user account rules in Vista Windows 7, PowerSDR-IF does not save the database files for preferences and settings in this folder, but rather in one of the following AppData or Application Data folders. XP C Documents and Settings Larry Application Data PowerSDR IF-Stage v1.
Vista Win7 C Users Larry AppData Roaming PowerSDR IF-Stage v1. substitute your username for Larry. The main files are called database. xml and databaseIF. These files contain all the settings from the SETUP and SETUP IF sections of the proogram, respectively. If it becomes necessary to start over, here is the procedure I would use to uninstall reinstall PowerSDR-IF. Uninstall all versions of PowerSDR-IF on your computer using Add Remove Programs or Programs and Features in the Control Panels folder.
I would also delete the PowerSDR-IF installation folders in Program Files after uninstalling, and remove the PowerSDR-IF folder in the AppData folder. This removes the database files where PowerSDR-IF stores your user preferences and settings. The exact path will depend on your OS and whether you chose Just Me or Everyone when installing PowerSDR-IF. If you chose Everyoneand log in with more than one username, you will have to delete the AppData database files for each user.
USING NaP3 With LP-PAN Installation, Setup and Operation Guide NaP3 is a panadapter display program from Pete, F5VNB. It is an open source program running under the GNU General Public License v2 and is based on a combination of PowerSDR IF from WU2X and PowerSDR v2. x from Flex Radio. It also offers some of the features of TRX-Pan, and adds a feature similar to the Fixed mode of the Elecraft P3.
It is much streamlined compared to other flavors of PowerSDRand much simpler to install and set up. I provide this page as a way to help users who want to use this program with LP-PAN. I have no official connection to Pete or the program other than offering suggestions and help with testing. Image shown below is from NaP3 v4.
0 RC1 Release Candidate 1. This is the most stable 4. 0 version released June 7, 2014 and includes many new features including the ability to display telnet spots directly from various DX clusters, as well as spots broadcast from the telnet server in CW Skimmer. To jump to a spot, just click on the call sign. Other pictures on this page are from earlier versions, but will be updated soon. Download this version here.
Note If iq option 60 seconds strategy are running LP-Bridge or LPB2, you should use the latest releases, found here. The pictures are reduced in size to fit on this page, with some loss of detail due to compression. NaP3 will communicate directly with various rigs, including K3, Kenwood and recent Yaesu rigs FT-950, 2000, 3000, 5000. It will also communicate with the rig through LP-Bridge or LPB2, which greatly extend the capability of the rig by allowing multiple applications to easily connect to the rig and share its serial port.
LP-Bridge only supports Elecraft K3, while LPB2 works with all the rigs that NaP3 supports, including K3, plus it adds support for Elecraft K2. LPB2 has a couple minor limitations compared to LP-Bridge, but both should work well for most users. Note Pete has recently stopped development support of NaP3, but aside from one minor bug, the program is still the best and most up to date SDR for use as an IF based panadapter.
In the meantime, s upport questions can be posted to the LP-PAN User Group. 73, Larry N8LP. On this page and web site, all references to PowerSDR apply to FlexRadio Systems PowerSDR TM program. Support questions for the various PowerSDR based open source programs referenced here, should not be directed to FlexRadio Systems, but rather to the specific author of the modified version, or to N8LP, or the LP-PAN User Group.
Above picture is NaP3 in Expanded mode. This mode shows all of the controls. Color overlays have been added to aid with the description of controls which follows. Refer t o the above picture for a description of the controls. Color overlays are used to explain button functions by section. Carefully read the whole section because there are a number of not so obvious controls which are revealed as context menus when right clicking some of the buttons shown. The following section refers to the menu choices at the top of the NaP3 window.
This pulldown menu has four choices. Configure NaP3allows detailed setup of all parameters, arranged into 8 different tabs. A thorough discussion of each tab is presented further down this page. Equalizerallows setting of the multiband equalizers for receive audio contouring. Macro Commandsallows setting up of macros for user specific functions Transvertersallows setup of the transverter band buttons.
Starts and stops processing of incoming data. Toggles to the collapsed view which hides many of the controls and allows the pan window to fill the screen. Some of the other controls can be selectively added back based on the settings in the Options tab in Setup. Allows user to set up multiple memories with 12 different paramaters per memory. Provides a window to display text from the K3 CW Data text decoder.
Controls for digital recorder to record and playback entire screens on IQ audio data. Setup screen for telnet spots. These can come from well known web cluster telnet sites or from local telnet servers like the one in CW Skimmer. Comprehensive help file written by the NaP3 author, Pete, F5VNB. Please consider a PayPal donation to Pete for all his hard work on this great program.
RED SECTION VFO A, shows current rig main VFO frequency. Can be changed by entering a frequency, adjusting mousewheel or pointing and clicking in the display. Right clicking in the display will add yellow crosshairs. Placing the crosshairs over a signal and left clicking will cause the rig to jump to the signal.
Right clicking again will turn off the crosshairs, or change them to red if SPLIT or SUB is on. Left clicking with the red crosshairs will cause VFO B to jump to the signal s frequency. Adjusting the mousewheel will fine tune. The frequency offset, signal level and absolute frequency of the crosshairs position is displayed below the pan window at the left of the screen in small blue letters. Mousewheel tuning step size lets the user determine the rate of mousewheel tuning.
FFT samples, below mousewheel tuning step, allows setting the horizontal frequenct resolution of the panadapter spikes FFT bins. The higher the number, the better the resolution as you zoom into narrower frequency spans. Note Too high a number will bog down slow PCs, and display more extranneous household and neighborhood noises. These settings are saved per mode in the NaP3 band stacking memories. VFO B, see VFO A explanation.
S-Meter, can be set to read Avg or Signal, dBm or S-Units. BLUE SECTION This section constains the following buttons. Turns the NaP3 sub-receiver on and off, and determines whether if follows VFO B as in SPlit operation, or acts as an independent third receiver if the rig already has a sub-RX. SUB must be on and or SPLIT in order to see the second passband indicator in the display, and to enable mouse tuning of VFO B. SPLIT, A B, A B, Zero Beat.
These control correspondingr functions of the rig. AVG, display selector, Peak. The AVG button turns on averaging in the pan window to minimize noise. The display selector allows the user to select Panadapter, waterfall or a split-screen of both to fill the pan window. PEAK button causes the signals to accumulate at the highest level for each frequency bin. This is useful for spotting openings, especially on 6m VHF UHF. AVG and PEAK are dual functions buttons. AVG is also used to set the baseline noise level for each band, and the vertical range for each band.
Hover over the AVG button with your mouse for directions. These adjustments are saved in NaP3 s band stacking memories. PEAK works in a similar way for the waterfall minimum and maximum levels. Free Fixed, Zoom Slider, Centre. These control the behavior of the pan window. Free Fixed toggles between free tune mode and fixed tune mode.
In free tune mode, the IF center is always in the middle of the frequency display. In Fixed tune mode, the background is locked in one position and both VFOs can tune across the display independently. There are some limitations when the zoom is set to the maximum width in Fixed mode. The usable limits are greyed out in this case. The Zoom Slider allows the user to zoom from maximum display width up to 192kHz depending on sound card to minimum as narrow as 1kHz or less. Centre recenters the display in Fixed mode.
The Free Fixed button is also used to adjust the ratio of panadapter to waterfall window proportions in a similar way that AVG and PEAK are used to adjust the levels. Hover over Free Fixed for tool tips. YELLOW SECTION This section contains the Band, Mode and Filter buttons. The control the corresponding functions of the rig. Depending on the rig, you may or may not be able to set the exact filter widths shown.
You can change these buttons to match your rig. Please see the author s help file for more details about filters, and for details about how the filter buttons interact with various rigs. Band buttons can display transverter bands if you set up transverters. GREEN SECTION MUT, mutes the audio output of the software sound card. RX EQ On Off, enables the EQ settings that are set in the equalizer. The equalizer itself can be accessed by selecting Equalizer in the menu bar.
RX A and RX B audio gain controls, are used to adjust the audio output levels of the main and sub receivers. A, feeds the left channel and B, feeds right channel of your sound card outputs. When the subreceiver is not enabled, or SPLIT is not enabled, RX A feeds both outputs. AGC-T thresholdworks like the RF gain control on a real radio. Sets the threshold where AGC action starts. Defaults to 80. Squelch On Off and Threshold, works like a normal squelch.
Pressing the button turns it on. Sliding the slider adjusts the threshold. The little S-Meter below the slider aids in setting the threshold. Used mostly for FM. shows the percentage of CPU power being used by your system. Anything consistently under about 70 - 80 is fine. Most modern PCs will be below 20. AGC hold time. BIN, binaural mode. Creates a stereo field of signals based on frequency and phase to position signals between the user s ears.
NB NB2, turns on digital noise iq option 60 seconds strategy. Extensive settings for these can be found on the DSP tab in Setup. This control, and the following four controls do not change any parameters in the rig. These affect the audio output of NaP3, as heard on the sound card speakers headphones. NR, turns on digital noise reduction.
Extensive settings for this are found on the DSP tab in Setup. Above picture shows a section of NaP3 pan in Fixed mode, which locks the background in place while allowing the two VFOs to be tuned separately over the background. Filter overlays for VFO A Main green and VFO B Sub yellow are also shown. They are currently only fully linked to the rig if it s a K3, but support for the other rigs is in the works.
This removes the database files where NaP3 stores your user preferences and settings. The yellow crosshairs indicate the mouse cursor position. They change to red when adjusting VFO B. Note Some of the colors have been changed in Setup from the defaults. The blue numbers below and at the left side of the window represent the frequency offset, signal level and absolute frequency of the crosshairs position.
The ones at the right side represent the frequency offset, signal level and absolute frequency of the strongest signal in the window. Also shown is VFO B transmit cursor in split operation yellow lines. The latest stable version is v4. 0 RC1 as of June 7, 2014and is available here. There is a known bug in this version.
When using RC1, set the Band Plan under the Display tab to Region 1 before running even if you re not in Region 1. This will avoid an error which replaces the pan window with a large red X. Pete has recently ceased development support of NaP3, so it is not known when or if this bug will be fixed. Even with this minor bug, NaP3 is by far the best SDR app for use as an IF based panadapter. Note When changing between major version releases like from v3.
xyou need to reset the database, or delete it. This is because the format of the file has changed over time to accommodate expanded capabilities. Operational support is available from a number of outside user groups, including the LP-PAN User Group. The database file is called NaP3. xml, and is located in your C Users AppData Roaming NaP3 folder. Your user preferences and settings will be lost, so you must write them down before doing this.
Note If you are running LP-Bridge or LPB2, you will also need to upgrade those. K3 users should update LP-Bridge to v1. You will have to update to the full version v1. Note Be advised that the new versions all use the latest Eltima drivers, which makes loading of LPB slower than the older versions, but makes them windows 8 compatible. Unzip the folder and run the Setup.
You will see the following screens during installation. Follow the directions and accept all the defaults. Note If you already have a version of NaP3 installed, you will see an additional screen which will ask you if you want to repair or remove the existing version. If asked about replacing an existing file with an older one, always keep the newer file.
When asked whether to allow access to the program to Everyone or Just Meyour choice will affect access to the program and the path to where the database files with all the settings will be placed. With Everyone it will be placed in your Users AllUsers AppData path. With Just Me it will be placed in your Users AppData path. To avoid confusion, we recommend the Just Me choice. After closing Setup and launching the program for the first time, it will run a one time check of forward and reverse FFTs.
Here s a picture of the screen you will see during this process. NaP3 Help - Click to open NaP3 Help in Windows Help format. NaP3 RC2_Help. This version is a little newer than the help file in NaP3 v4. You can access this directly by clicking on the link and selecting Save File. Navigate to the saved folder and open it. Click on the NaP3_Help. 0 RC1, and includes help on the Spots feature. chm file to view the help.
For convenience, you can create a shortcut to this file and put it on your desktop. I have also created a simple pdf of the same info, but the formatting is not nearly as nice, NaP3_RC2_Help. The document will look much cleaner if you save it to your desktop and open it from there, rather than opening it directly from the link. The chm file is much preferred. Restoring lost Spots window. If the spots window does not appear when you click on Spots, it is because it is off screen somewhere.
To restore it, use this trick. Hover over the NaP3 icon in the Taskbar. Slide your mouse pointer up to the small version of the Spots window and right click. Then chose the Move option and left click. If you now press any arrow key, the window will appear and can be moved with the mouse. One of the options is Autostart. Note Once the window is back, you can right click in any free space in the window and will see some options.
If you click on Autostart, the spots program will start whenever you start NaP3. You won t need to use the spots window again unless you want to change the settings. This help file covers the important settings in NaP3. After successfully getting things going, you can adjust the IF Frequency Offsets as shown in the pictures below to fine tune the signal positions withing the display. This is required for all rigs except the K3, which reports this information to NaP3 using special CAT commands.
Rig Settings. Here are examples of the rig setup tab entries for the most popular rigs K3 and FTdx3000 5000. In addition to the settings shown, you need to select the proper com port for your rig. The filter width and shift boxes should only be checked if you wish to have the SDR filters track the rig filters. To use the SDR filters independently, leave these unchecked. Baud rate should be the fastest that the rig allows.
Make sure that the rig is set for the same baud rate that you select here. PSK settings are not shown for the Yaesu rigs are shown as 0but probably need to be some other value. Check with Yaesu owners on the LP-PAN user group. Values for other rigs will be similar to the FTdx3000 5000 settings, with the exception that for the FT-950 2000, you will need to reverse the audio cables or the IQ channel settings because the IF-2000 interface boards inverts the passband.
What do these figures mean, why are they here and how are they fine tuned. All transceivers use a carrier offset in most modes except AM and FM. This is inherent in the design of transceivers, since regardless of mode, the rig must provide a BFO signal that produces a demodulated signal with the proper pitch. Each manufacturer uses different values, but they fall in a general range of about - 1500 Hz for SSB, and - 300-800 Hz in CW the CW offset matches your rig s sidetone pitch setting.
The Global Offset is due to an intentional IF offset built into LP-PAN LP-PAN 2. As stated before, the K3 sends this offset data to NaP3 via special CAT commands, so the user does not need to enter anything. Unless you have a very old LP-PAN, the offset is -6000 negative 6000 Hz. This moves any sound card anomalies such as DC offset, hum and noise away from the tuned frequency. When adjusting the offsets, enter the values shown.
These will generally be within 100Hz or so of optimum. To fine tune, start with AM. Tune your rig to a known broadcast station such as WWV or a local AM station. Set the rig for EXACTLY the station s frequency. Examples would be 10. 000 WWVor 760. 000 WJR, Detroit. my strongest local station. The carrier should be exactly on the red centerline in the pan display.
If not, slightly adjust the Global Offset until it is. Zooming into the display will make it easier to see any positioning error. Increasing the FFT size in the S-Meter section of the main display will provide even more resolution. If you are only using NaP3 as a visual display, this is all you need to do. If you plan to also listen to the demodulated audio from NaP3, you will have to fine tune your other modes by comparing the pitch from your PC speakers to the pitch from your rig in each mode.
I find that listening to AM broadcast band or SW stations thru NaP3 gives much better fidelity than listening thru the rig speakers. In some cases, the DSP controls in NaP3 will also outperform the rig, especially the noise blankers which are highly configurable. If the sidebands sound inverted, or the adjustment work backwards, you will probably have to reverse your audio cables, or click Swap IQ on the Input tab in Setup.
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